Beijing Robotaxis Push the Boundaries: Driverless Future Draws Closer


Beijing Embarks on Bold Robotaxi Expansion

Beijing’s Robotaxi Ambitions Soar

In the last three years, Beijing has made significant strides in embracing robotaxis, bringing them closer to the heart of the metropolis. This month, the city greenlighted trials of robotaxis with human monitors along a 40-minute route between Beijing South Railway Station and the suburban Yizhuang district.

Yizhuang to Usher in Public Robotaxi Service

Buckle up for a groundbreaking development: Yizhuang will soon launch a public-facing robotaxi service. Ning Zhang,’s Vice President, hinted at an imminent rollout once government permits are finalized. Furthermore, by the end of the year or early next, the train station route is expected to become fully driverless, marking a significant milestone.

Shattering Geographic Boundaries

This latest route extension signifies a bold departure from Beijing’s previous robotaxi operations primarily on the city’s outskirts. Located outside the fifth ring road, Yizhuang is now connected to the densely populated area within the third ring road, comprising Beijing South Railway Station—a testament to the city’s willingness to push the boundaries of autonomous transportation.

Robotaxi Revolution Gains Momentum

Beijing’s robotaxi expansion is not confined to this single route. In November 2021, and Baidu’s Apollo Go gained permission to offer paid rides in Yizhuang. Just two years later, authorities have authorized the removal of human safety drivers from designated robotaxis. In February, the operational area was further expanded to Daxing International Airport.

Citywide Dominance Anticipated

Zhang’s bullish projections envision a fleet of over 50 fully driverless taxis operating in Beijing by year’s end. By 2025, he anticipates authorities will permit robotaxis to traverse between the sixth and fourth ring roads. This would necessitate a massive scaling up of’s fleet to approximately 1,000 vehicles.

Collaborating for Success

To achieve this ambitious goal, has allied with Toyota, seeking to leverage their expertise in mass car production. Zhang emphasizes that the viability of robotaxi services hinges on reaching an operational scale of 500 to 1,000 vehicles.

Robotaxis Bloom Globally

Beyond Beijing, global enthusiasm for robotaxis continues to surge. Waymo, an Alphabet subsidiary, is rapidly extending its operations along the West Coast. Even Elon Musk has joined the fray, claiming Tesla will unveil its robotaxi in August.

Competition or Collaboration?

Regarding Tesla’s foray, Zhang expresses hope that it will contribute to reshaping transportation. However, he believes Tesla’s Full Self Driving system is more suited for assisted driving rather than fully autonomous operations. As for competition with other Chinese robotaxi companies, Zhang predicts limited rivalry in the near term as the industry is still in its formative stages.

Baidu’s Robotaxi Growth

Baidu’s Apollo Go has also made notable strides. It recorded 826,000 rides in the first quarter of this year, up from 660,000 in the corresponding period last year. Cumulative rides surpassed 6 million as of April 19. Baidu CEO Robin Li shared that the company anticipates reduced losses in its robotaxi business for the remainder of the year and boasted a competitive vehicle cost of under ,000, excluding the battery.

Laying the Foundation for a Driverless Future

The rapid evolution of Beijing’s robotaxi ecosystem serves as a testament to the global momentum behind this transformative technology. As authorities continue to provide regulatory support, the seamless integration of robotaxis into our daily lives draws ever nearer. The day when our cities are navigated by autonomous vehicles is not far off—a future where transportation becomes safer, more efficient, and more accessible.

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