Narendra Modi’s Shocking Political Setback: Impact on Business and the Indian Economy


**Political Turmoil Roils India, Stirring Uncertainty in Business World**

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi makes hand gesture

India’s political landscape has been thrown into disarray following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s failure to secure a resounding majority for his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in recent elections. The outcome has left business executives scrambling to reassess its potential impact on India’s economic trajectory.

Market Reactions and Executive Jitters

“It’s a clear shock,” wrote Venugopal Garre, managing director at AB Bernstein, in a message to his clients, acknowledging that the election results had taken politicians, pollsters, and market watchers by surprise.

In recent years, several global corporations, including GE Aerospace, Apple, Starbucks, and Nvidia, have poured significant investments into India. The country had emerged as an attractive destination for US tech companies seeking to expand their operations and manufacturing footprint.

“Now that China is slowing down, India was the next logical stop for US tech giants,” said Pramit Chaudhuri, head of Eurasia’s South Asia practice, in an interview with LA News Center.

The news has sent shockwaves through the Indian stock market, which witnessed its steepest dive since 2021.

Modi’s Economic Agenda: Reform Delays Ahead?

Modi’s inability to secure a clear mandate also raises concerns about the fate of his government’s economic agenda. Coalition governments often face difficulties passing reforms due to the need for consensus and negotiation across multiple parties.

“This outcome could prolong the timeline for getting things done,” said a former government official who requested anonymity.

India’s aspiration to become the world’s third-largest economy by 2027 hinges on swift reforms. However, the lack of an absolute majority may hinder timely implementation of these initiatives.

India’s unemployment rate remains elevated, posing another challenge. “The jobless situation certainly contributed to a tighter election,” Chaudhuri observed.

One of Modi’s proposed labor reforms, which aimed to enhance flexibility in hiring and firing, is now likely to face delays due to the BJP’s loss of its dominance in Parliament.

American Investment: Potential Reset Required

The political shift in India may necessitate a reassessment for corporate America. While some reforms might take longer under a coalition government, experts emphasize that India remains a vital component of US companies’ long-term growth strategies.

“I don’t foresee this affecting US corporate expansion into India,” stated Raghuram Rajan, former governor of the Reserve Bank of India and currently a professor at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

Social Tensions: Potential for De-escalation?

Supporters of India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) holding cut-outs of Prime Minister a Narendra Modi during an election campaign rally

Rahul Sharma of Shafer Cullen predicts a potential softening of the BJP’s aggressive rhetoric post-election, which could reduce social tensions in India.

“This could leave India in a more secure place socially if it dissuades the BJP from pursuing extreme policies,” noted Tom Miller, an analyst at Gavekal Research.

Next Steps: Budget and Government Formation

The formation of the new government will be closely monitored, with the release of the annual budget on July 1 expected to set the tone and priorities for the new administration.

“The budget will provide insights into the new government’s spending plans and its approach to economic policy,” said Jitania Kandhari, head of macroeconomic research on Morgan Stanley’s emerging market equity team.

As the dust settles on the election results, India’s business community and the wider global economy will be eagerly awaiting the next chapter in the country’s political and economic journey.